Associate Director of Broadcasting, overseeing programs in Persian Radio, Dari and Pashto (Radio Free Afghanistan), Arabic (Radio Free Iraq), Tajik, Uzbek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and Turkmen.

Joined RFE/RL in 1985 as an editor of the Azeri Service and later served as a supervising analyst of the Central Asian programs and Director of RFE/RL’s Tajik Service.

Set up RFE/RL’s first broadcasts to Iran (Radio Azadi) in 1998 and Radio Free Afghanistan in 2002. Became Associate Director of Broadcasting after serving for more than three years as Director of RFE/RL’s Azeri Service.

Before joining RFE/RL, worked as a scientific assistant at the University of Cologne and taught in German public schools. Has contributed to dozens of newspapers, magazines, broadcast services, and websites in Germany, Iran, Turkey, Great Britain, Tajikistan, and Azerbaijan.

Published numerous books and dozens of articles, reports, and interviews on languages, literature, socio-linguistics, politics, culture, and history of Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Central Asia, and the Middle East.